Maintaining good dental care habits and a regular schedule of bi-annual dental cleanings and check-ups is about more than just straight or white teeth. It is widely known that the human mouth contains several different types of oral bacteria. But when you skip brushing and flossing more frequently these bacteria can cause many problems for your dental health and lead to various most common oral infections in both older adults and small children. While most of these oral infections go away with basic oral hygiene, some are more problematic and can stick around for a longer time. Continue reading this informative blog to discover the most common types of oral infections and their sources.
Most Common Oral Infections You Should Know
Many people often have many concerns about their dental health and its various aspects, and a constant question is about oral infections, also known as mouth infections. When left unchecked or undetected, the bacteria in your mouth can cause common oral infections in both children and adults. Let’s look at the most common types of oral infections.
Cavities or dental caries are the results of progressive decay that affects many older adults as well as small children. They are the most common oral infections out there and one of the leading causes of tooth loss (particularly primary teeth) in children aged 6 to 11. Dental caries or cavities are caused by the bacteria known as “Streptococcus mutan” that feed on sugary, sticky, foods and acidic beverages. So, the more sugar and acidic drinks that you consume, the more acid the bacteria produce, which leads to further tooth decay. Brushing your teeth twice per day for two to three minutes and flossing regularly should take care of any bacteria left by beverages and foods consumed throughout the entire day.
Gingivitis, also known as early gum disease, is an infection in the gums that can lead to a more serious gingivitis gum infection known as periodontal disease, resulting in tooth loss. It is not uncommon that 50-90% of adults will experience this early gum disease at some point in their lives. A variety of bacteria are capable of causing this oral infection, and when they settle and build up below and above of the gumline, these bacteria generate toxins. Gingivitis causes a reaction in your gums, that causes swelling and inflammation in the gums, which becomes a major reason for bleeding gums while brushing and flossing. The best way to prevent this oral infection is to get rid of the bacteria present in the gum line with regular flossing and brushing. And it can be treated at your dental professional’s office too.
3. Periodontal Disease
Like already mentioned before, when gingivitis is left unchecked, it will worsen and cause a serious gum infection known as periodontal disease. Bacteria spreads and grows below the gum line and affects the bone and supporting tissue. This causes severe infection and inflammation and pulls gums away from the tooth, causing the teeth to become loose. This gum disease is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults – 8-10% of adults suffer from some form of periodontal disease. Periodontitis can be prevented by following good oral hygiene and regular professional cleaning.
Otherwise known as mouth blisters, herpangina is an extremely painful oral infection caused by coxsackie viruses. Typical first symptoms to appear include sore throat, fever, and difficulty swallowing. This infectious disease most frequently affects children aged three to ten during summer and autumn. Fortunately, a herpangina infection typically lasts from 3 to 5 days.
The Bottom Line
Do you think you currently have an most common oral infections listed above? As you know now, there are many different types of common oral infections, and many require professional treatment in order to correct them. However, it is very important to know the symptoms of common oral infections, and if you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to consult your dental professional.